TYPE: Two seat basic and advanced trainer and light attack aircraft
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: Spain
POWERPLANT: C-101CC/DD - One 20.9kN (4700lb) with max reserve power or 19.1kN (4300lb) without reserve Garrett TFE731-5-1J turbofan.
PERFORMANCE: C-101CC/DD - Max speed with max reserve power 835km/h (450kt) at 15,000ft, max speed at sea level 785km/h (423kt), economical cruising speed 612km/h (330kt). Max initial rate of climb 6360ft/min (with max reserve power), normal max initial rate of climb 4975ft/min. Time to 25,000ft 6min 30sec. Service ceiling 44,000ft. Lo-lo-lo attack radius with four 250kg bombs and 30mm cannon with 5min over target and reserves 482km (260nm). Ferry range with reserves 3705km (2000nm). Max endurance 7 hours.
WEIGHTS: C-101CC - Empty equipped 3470kg (7650lb), max takeoff 6300kg (13,890lb).
DIMENSIONS: Wing span 10.60m, length 12.50m, height 4.25m. Wing area 20.0 m2
ACCOMMODATION: Two in tandem.
ARMAMENT: C-101CC - Can carry a 30mm DEFA 533 cannon or twin 12.7mm Browning M3 machine gun pod in lower fuselage. Six underwing hardpoints can carry a total of 2250kg (4960lb) of ordnance, including bombs, rocket pods, plus up to two AGM-65 Maverick ASMs, or two AIM-9 Sidewinder of Matra Magic AAMs on C-101DD.
OPERATORS: Chile, Honduras, Jordan, Spain.
HISTORY: Design of the Aviojet began in 1975 to replace the Hispano Saeta after CASA signed a development contract with the Spanish Air Ministry. As CASA's first foray into the jet engined trainer field, the company enrolled the help of Northrop of the USA and Germany's MBB (now Northrop Grumman and Daimler Benz Aerospace respectively). Northrop designed the unswept wing and inlet area, but CASA assumed all design responsibility after the first flight of the first of four prototypes on June 27 1977.
Notable features of the Aviojet include modular construction, the Garrett TFE731 high bypass turbofan, an engine widely used on business jets and known for its reliability and fuel efficiency (conversely the high bypass contributes to ordinary high altitude performance), and a weapons bay in the forward fuselage which can house cannon or gun packs, a reconnaissance pod, an ECM package or a laser designator.
Initial production of the C-101 was for Spain, whose C-101EB trainers are designated E.25 Mirlo, or Blackbird. The C-101BB features a more powerful engine was sold to Chile as the T-36 (subsequently fitted with a ranging radar) and Honduras. The C-101CC introduced a more powerful engine than the C.101BB which features a five minute military reserve power thrust rating of 20.9kN (4700lb). It has sold to Chile as the A-36 Halcrjn and Jordan. The C-101DD features nav/attack avionics improvements, including a HUD, HOTAS controls, weapon aiming controls, and AGM-65 compatibility. First flown in May 1985, none have been ordered.
Photos CASA C-101 Aviojet