TYPE: Two seat advanced trainer and light attack aircraft
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: United Kingdom
POWERPLANT: 60 - One 25.4kN(5700lb) Rolls-Royce Turboméca Adour 861 turbofan. 100 - One 26.0kN (5845lb) Adour 871.
PERFORMANCE: 60 - Max level speed at sea level 1010km/h (545kt). Max initial rate of climb 11,800ft/min. Service ceiling 46,000ft. Combat radius with 907kg (2000lb) external load 1448km (781 nm), with a 2270kg (5000Ib) external load 1000km (538nm). 100 - Max speed 1038km/h (560kt) at 36,000ft, at sea level 1001 km/h (540kt). Max initial rate of climb 11,800ft/min. Service ceiling 44,500ft. Combat radius on a hi-lo-hi mission with seven BL755 cluster bombs 510km (275nm).
WEIGHTS: 60 - Empty 4012kg (8845lb), max takeoff 9100kg (20,060lb). 100 - Empty 4400kg (9700lb), max takeoff 9100kg (20,060lb).
DIMENSIONS: 60 - Wing span 9.39m (30ft 10in), length 11.85m (38ft 11 in), height 3.98m (13ft 1in). Wing area 16.7m2 (179.6sq ft). 100 - Wing span 9.94m (32ft 8in) with wingtip AIM-9 missiles, length including nose probe 11.68m (38ft 4in), height 3.99m (12ft 1in). Wing area 16.7m2 (179.6sq ft).
ACCOMMODATION: Seating for two in tandem.
ARMAMENT: 60 & 100 - Up to 3000kg (6615lb) of external ordnance, including rocket pods, bombs and cluster bombs, AIM-9 Sidewinder AAMs and a centreline 30mm Aden cannon.
OPERATORS: Brunei, Finland, Indonesia, Kenya, Kuwait, Malaysia, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Switzerland, South Korea, UAE, UK, Zimbabwe.
HISTORY: One of the most successful trainer families of the past 25 years, the Hawk has also been adopted for use by the US Navy and as a single seat attack aircraft (both described separately). Hawker Siddeley began initial design studies of a two seat jet trainer in 1968 under the designation P.1182, at a time when the RAF had a marked shortfall in trainer aircraft. Hawker's design was subsequently formally adopted by the RAF in 1970, and the first aircraft (a production standard T.1 - there being no prototype or pre production aircraft) flew for the first time on August 21 1971.
In all the RAF took delivery of 176 Hawk T.1 s, the first of which was delivered in 1976. In the mid 1980s 89 RAF Hawks were modified as T.1As, wired to accept Sidewinders on the inboard pylons for emergency wartime use as air defence fighters alongside radar equipped Phantoms (since retired) and Tornado F.2/F.3s.
The first export Hawk was the Mk 50 which introduced a more powerful engine, a higher max takeoff weight and greater stores carriage on four underwing pylons. The Mk 60 features a further increase in engine power, an improved wing with leading edge fences and a revised flap layout, giving improved airfield performance, and Sidewinder and Matra AAM capability.
The ultimate Hawk two seat development is the 100, with improvements primarily aimed at enhancing its ground attack abilities. Changes are many and include a more powerful Adour 871 turbofan; a revised wing with fixed leading edge droop to improve manoeuvrability, full width flaps and optional wingtip missile rails; an extended nose, optionally housing FLIR and/or a laser designator; and revised avionics, including multi function displays, plus HUD and HOTAS controls.