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TYPE: Business jet.
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: France
PROGRAMME: Announced Paris Air Show 1989 as Falcon X: follow-on to Falcon 20/200; launched as Falcon 2000 on 4 October 1990, following first orders: Alenia joined as 25 per cent risk-sharing partner February 1991, with responsibility for rear fuselage section and engine nacelles; selection of CFE738 engine announced 2 April 1990: first flight (F-WNAV) 4 March 1993: one prototype only; third airframe (F-WWFA) was second to fly, on 10 May 1994; ferried 'green' to US subsidiary Dassault Falcon Jet Corporation at Little Rock. Arkansas, 13 July 1994 for completion as US demonstrator, and set two world speed records 31 October to 1 November 1994 flying Los Angeles (Chino) to Bangor, Maine, in 4 hours 36 minutes 27 seconds and Bangor to Paris in 5 hours 26 minutes 12 seconds: Dassault demonstrator, second airframe (F-WNEW), flew 11 July 1994.
JAA certification to JAR 25 obtained 30 November 1994. at which time five aircraft (prototype, two demonstrators and two customer aircraft) had accumulated 1.055.5 flight hours; FAR Pt 25 and FAR Pt 36 Stage 3 noise levels certification 2 February 1995; first delivery (F-WNEW/ ZS-NNF to South African customer) 16 February 1995. Approved to operate into London City Airport during 1996. Commonwealth of Independent States certification 14 April 1997. HGS-2850 HUD first flown in prototype 8 December 1995; initial JAA certification granted 30 August 1996, followed by approval for lowvisibility take-offs (down to 91 m; 300 ft RVR) and handflown Cat. II and Cat. IIIa instrument approach approved by FAA 30 July 1997. Full JAA certification 16 December 1997; FAA certification 18 May 1998.
Falcon 2000: Initial production version. As described.
Falcon 2000EX: Extended-range version. Development began October 1999; announced at the NBAA Convention in New Orleans. 10 October 2000. Prototype (c/n 01/F-WMEX) rolled out 19 July 2001 and first flown 25 October 2001: two aircraft (F-WMEX and c/n 02/F-W66A). Completed 568 hours of flight testing in 242 flights, culminating in JAA and FAA certification on 25 March 2003; first three 'green' production airframes delivered to Little Rock completion centre in January 2003, with first customer deliveries of outfitted aircraft expected in the second quarter of2003 (Pro Line avionics). EASy flight deck available from second quarter of 2004. Falcon 2000EX manufactured in parallel with Falcon 2000.
New features include two Pratt & Whitney Canada PW308C turbofans, with FADEC, each rated at 31.1 kN (7,000 lb st) for take-off at ISA +15°C; Nordam advanced single pivot (ASP) thrust reversers; revised fuel system with 2,045 kg (4,508 lb) increase in usable fuel capacity to 9,414 litres (2,487 US gallons; 2,071 Imp gallons: strengthened main landing gear with heavy-duty braking system and Falcon 900EX nose landing gear; and new bleed air system. The first 40 Falcon 2000EXs will retain the current Collins Pro Line 4 avionics suite, but aircraft delivered from March 2004 will be equipped with Dassault EASy flight deck with four-tube flat panel displays based on those of the Honeywell Primus Epic modular avionics system and designated Falcon 2000EX EASy; first flight with EASy cockpit F-WXEY) 29 January 2003.
CUSTOMERS: The 206th Falcon 2000 was delivered to the USA for outfitting on 10 December 2003. Production totalled 20 in 1997, 15 in 1998 34 in 1999, 26 in 2000, 35 in 2001, 35 in 2002 and three in the first three months of 2003. Falcon 2000 No. 159/N259QS, delivered to Executive Jet on 11 September 2001, was also 1,500th Falcon/Mystere business jet produced by Dassault. Total of 72 Falcon 2000s, and 28 Falcon 2000EXs, plus 25 Falcon 2000EXs on option, ordered by Executive NetJets and NetJets Middle East fractional ownership programmes in Europe, Middle East and USA, of which 38 were in operation by October 2002. Royal Australian Air Force ordered three in 2000 to replace five leased Falcon 900s. Total market estimated at more than 300 in 10 years.
COSTS: Basic price 2000 US$20.6 million (2001); 2000EX US$24 million (2000).
DESIGN FEATURES: Same fuselage cross-section as Falcon 900, but 1.98 m (6 ft 6 in) shorter. Falcon 900 wing with modified leading-edge and no inboard slats; sweepback at quarter-chord 24° 50' to 29°.
STRUCTURE: Largely as for Falcon 900. Rear tuselage. including engine pods and pylons, by Alenia and Piaggio: thrust reversers by Dee Howard. Agreement reached in early 2002 for production of fuselage components of 2000EX by Chengdu Aircraft of China. New horizontal tail surface featuring cast titanium central box with resin transfer moulding composite spars and carbon fibre skin panels, resulting in a 13.6 kg (30 lb) reduction in weight, certified by the DGAC in December 1999 and introduced as standard from December 2000 deliveries.
LANDING GEAR: Retractable tricycle type; mainwheels retract inwards, nosewheel forwards. Main tyres 26x6.6R14 (14 ply) tubeless; nose 14.5x5.5R6 tubeless. Tyre pressures: 2000 main 13.6 bar (197 lb/sq in), nose 11.1 bar (161 lb/ sq in); 2000EX main 15.1 bar (219 lb/sq in), nose 12.6 bar (183 lb/sq in). Steerable nosewheel (±60°). Minimum turning radius on ground 15.03 m (49 ft 33/4 in).
POWER PLANT: Two GE/Honeywell CFE738-1-1B turbofans, each rated at 26.3 kN (5,918 lb st) at ISA + 15°C. Usable fuel capacity 6.865 litres (1,814 US gallons; 1,510 Imp gallons). Dee Howard clamshell-type thrust reversers certified by FAA and JAA during 1995.
ACCOMMODATION: Up to 19 passengers and two flight crew; standard passenger accommodation is four seats in forward lounge and four seats and a two-person sofa in aft lounge. Pressurised, flight accessible baggage compartment at rear of cabin.
AVIONICS: Rockwell Collins Pro Line 4.
Comms: Dual com/nav; dual TRD-94D Mode-S transponders; dual RTU-4420 radio tuning units; Rockwell Collins HF-9000 transceiver.
Radar: Rockwell Collins WXR-840 colour weather radar standard: TWR-850 Doppler weather radar optional.
Flight: Rockwell Collins FMS-6100 flight management system and Cat. II autopilot standard. Rockwell Collins dual DME-442, dual ADF-462; dual AHRS and dual digital air data computers linked to dual-channel integrated avionics processor system (IAPS). Dual Honeywell Laseref III, Honeywell EGPWS, IRS, second FMS (with GPS), flight data recorder, traffic alert and collision avoidance system (TCAS) and GPWS all optional.
Instrumentation: Rockwell Collins Pro Line 4 four-tube EFIS-4000. Sextant Avionique three-tube engine indicating electronic display (EIED); Flight Dynamics HGS-2850 HUD.
Mission: Optional satcom antenna in fintip pod.